ALIEN SPECIES

 

Colour density map showing of the distribution of first occurrence of alien fish species in Turkish Marine waters, including bony and Elasmobranch species, along Turkish coasts. Colour scale gives the number of species.

Colour density map showing the distribution of first occurrence of total bony fishes species along Turkish coasts in September 2018.


Colour density map showing the distribution of first occurrence of total  Elasmobranch fish species along Turkish coasts in September 2018.

Time-series data of cumulative increase in alien fish diversity in Turkish Marine waters (solid line indicates cumulative increase in alien fish diversity; bars indicate the total number of alien species recorded in Turkish Marine Waters).

List of the alien bony and cartilaginous fishes of Turkish marine waters (A: Atlantic; ATM, Atlanto-Mediterranean IP: Indo-Pacific, R: Red Sea). First report and occurrence in each Sea and its reported Reference is given in the cell.

Family/Species Mediterranean Sea Aegean Sea Sea of Marmara Black Sea Source
Jawless Fishes
Petromyzontidae
Petromyzon marinus Linnaeus, 1758 Çevik et al. (2010) Tessalou-Legaki et al. (2012) A
Elasmobranch
Alopiidae
Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 Kabasakal (2011) Mater (2005) Kabasakal & Karhan (2007)
Triakidae
Mustelus punctulatus Risso, 1827 Whitehead et al. (1984–1986) Whitehead et al. (1984–1986) A
Carcharhinidae
Carcharhinus altimus (Springer, 1950) Başusta & Erdem 2000
Carcharhinus brevipinna (Müller & Henle, 1839) Whitehead et al. (1984–1986) Whitehead et al. (1984–1986)
Carcharhinus limbatus (Müller & Henle, 1839) Whitehead et al. (1984–1986)
Centrophoridae
Centrophorus granulosus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Whitehead et al. (1984–1986) Whitehead et al. (1984–1986) Benli et al. (1993)
Centrophorus uyato (Rafnesque, 1810) Meriç (1995)
Squatinidae
Squatina aculeata Cuvier, 1829 Başusta (2002) Filiz et al. (2005) A
Dasyatidae  
Himantura leoparda (Manjaji-Matsumoto & Last, 2008) Yucel et al. (2017) IP
Dasyatis marmorata (Steindachner, 1892) Erguden et al. (2014) A
Mobulidae
Mobula japonica (Müller & Henle, 1841) Sakalli et. al. (2016) IP
Bony Fishes
Notacanthidae
Notacanthus bonaparte Risso, 1840 Başusta et al. (2002a); Bilecenoğlu et al. 2014 A
Muraenidae
Enchelycore anatina (Lowe, 1838) Yokes et. al. (2002) Okuş et al. (2004) A
Synaphobranchidae
Dysomma brevirostre (Facciola, 1887) Bilecenoğlu et al. 2014 Aydın et al. (2009) A
Ophichthidae
Apterichtus caecus  (Linnaeus, 1758) Fricke et al. (2007) A
Pisodonophis semicinctus  (Richardson, 1848) Yağlıoğlu & Ayas (2016) Bilecenoğlu et al. (2009) A
Plotosidae
Plotosus lineatus  (Thunberg, 1787) Doğdu et al. (2016) IP
Nettastomatidae
Nettastoma melanurum Rafinesque, 1810 Başusta et al. (2002b); Bilecenoğlu et al. 2014 A
Facciolella oxyrhyncha (Bellotti, 1883) Golani et al. (2006) Leblebici et al. (2010) A
Clupeidae
Etrumeus golanii  DiBattista, Randall & Bowen, 2012 Başusta et al. (1997) Okuş et al. (2004) IP
Herklotsichthys punctatus  (Rüppell, 1837) Whitehead et al. (1984-1986) IP
Dussumieriidae
Dussumieria elopsoides  Bleeker, 1849 Ben-Tuvia (1953) IP
Engraulidae
Stolephorus insularis  Hardenberg, 1933 Dalyan et al. (2014) IP
Encrasicholina punctifer  Fowler, 1938 Çiftçi et al. (2017) IP
Chanidae
Chanos chanos  (Forsskål, 1775) Özvarol & Gökoğlu (2012) IP
Synodontidae
Saurida lessepsianus  Russell, Golani & Tikochinski, 2015 Ben-Tuvia (1966) Ben-Tuvia (1973) IP
Bregmacerotidae
Bregmaceros atlanticus  Goode & Bean, 1886 Yılmaz et al. (2004) IP
Moridae
Lepidion lepidion Risso, 1810 Bilecenoğlu et al. 2014 A
Gobiesocidae
Apletodon incognitus Hofrichter & Patzner, 1997 Bilecenoğlu and Kaya (2006a) Bilecenoğlu et al. 2014 A
Atherinidae
Atherinomorus forskalii (Rüppell, 1838) Kosswig (1950) Geldiay (1969) IP
Hemiramphidae
Hemiramphus far  (Forsskål, 1775) Kosswig (1950) Kosswig (1950) IP
Exocoetidae
Parexocoetus mento  (Valenciennes, 1847) Ben-Tuvia (1966) Ben-Tuvia (1966) IP
Holocentridae
Sargocentron rubrum  (Forsskål, 1775) Kosswig (1950) Kosswig (1950) Artüz & Golani 2018 IP
Fistulariidae
Fistularia commersonii  Rüppell, 1838 Bilecenoğlu et al. (2002) Bilecenoğlu et al. (2002) IP
Fistularia petimba  Lacepède, 1803 Ünlüoğlu et al. (2017) IP
Syngnathidae
Hippocampus fuscus  Rüppell, 1838 Gokoglu et al. (2004) IP
Syngnathus rostellatus Nilsson, 1855 Gokoglu et al. (2004) A
Scorpaenidae
Pterois volitans  (Linnaeus, 1758) Gurlek et al. (2016c) IP
Pterois miles  (Bennett, 1828) Turan et al. (2014a) Turan & Öztürk (2015) IP
Synanceiidae
Synanceia verrucosa  Bloch & Schneider, 1801 Bilecenoğlu (2012) IP
Serranidae
Epinephelus coioides  (Hamilton, 1822) Gökoğlu et al., (2015) IP
Cephalopholis taeniops  (Valenciennes, 1828)   Engin et.al. (2016) A
Terapontidae
Pelates quadrilineatus  (Bloch, 1790) Mater & Kaya (1987) IP
Apogonidae  
Apogonichthyoides pharaonis  (Bellotti, 1874) Mater & Kaya, (1987) Okuş et al. (2004) IP
Jaydia smithi  Kotthaus, 1970 Goren et al. (2009) IP
Jaydia queketti  (Gilchrist, 1903) Eryılmaz & Dalyan (2006) Filiz et al. (2012) IP
Cheilodipterus novemstriatus  (Rüppell, 1838) Turan et al. (2015) IP
Ostorhinchus fasciatus  (White, 1790) Turan et al.  (2010) Bilecenoğlu et al. (2013) IP
Priacanthidae
Priacanthus hamrur  (Forsskål, 1775) Ergüden et al. (2018) IP
Priacanthus prolixus  Starnes, 1988 Gürlek et al. (2017) IP
Priacanthus sagittarius Starnes, 1988 Gökoğlu & Teker (2018) IP
Sillaginidae
Sillago suezensis  Golani, Fricke & Tikochinski, 2013 Gücü et al. (1994)  Bilecenoğlu (2004) IP
Rachycentridae  
Rachycentron canadum  (Linnaeus, 1766)   Akyol & Ünal (2013) IP
Carangidae
Alepes djedaba  (Forsskål, 1775) Akyüz (1957) Geldiay (1969) Artüz & Kubanç (2014) Turan et al. (2017) IP
Decapterus russelli  (Rüppell, 1830) Sakınan & Örek (2011) IP
Seriola fasciata (Bloch, 1793) Kapiris et al. (2014) A
Trachurus indicus  Nekrasov, 1966 Dalyan & Eryılmaz (2009) IP
Trachurus declivis  (Jenyns, 1841) Gurlek et al. (2016a) IP
Leiognathidae
Equulites elongatus  (Günther, 1874) Irmak et al. (2015) IP
Equulites klunzingeri  (Steindachner, 1898) Erazi (1943) Ben-Tuvia 1966 IP
Haemulidae
Pomadasys incisus (Bowdich, 1825) Whitehead et al. (1984–1986) Whitehead et al. (1984–1986) A
Pomadasys stridens  (Forsskål, 1775) Bilecenoğlu et al. (2009) Akyol&Ünal (2016) IP
Sparidae
Argyrops filamentosus  (Valenciennes, 1830) Gürlek et al. (2016b) IP
Lethrinidae
Monotaxis grandoculis  (Forsskål, 1775) Bilecenoğlu (2007) IP
Nemipteridae
Nemipterus randalli  Russell, 1986 Bilecenoğlu (2008) Gulsahin and Kara (2013) IP
Mullidae
Parupeneus forsskali  (Fourmanoir & Guézé, 1976) Çinar et al. (2006) IP
Upeneus moluccensis  (Bleeker, 1855) Kosswig (1950) Kosswig (1956) IP
Upeneus pori  Ben-Tuvia & Golani, 1989 Kosswig (1950) Akyol et al. (2006) IP
Pempheridae
Pempheris rhomboidea  Kossmann & Räuber, 1877 Akyol et al. (2017) IP
Pempheris mangula  Cuvier, 1829 Bilecenoglu et al. (2002) IP
Chaetodontidae  
Heniochus intermedius  Steindachner, 1893 Gokoglu et al. (2003) IP
Pomacentridae  
Abudefduf saxatilis  (Linnaeus, 1758)   Bilecenoğlu (2016) A
Mugilidae
Liza carinata  (Valenciennes, 1836) Kosswig (1956) IP
Planiliza haematocheila  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845) Kaya et al. (1998) Ünsal (1992) Ünsal (1992) IP
Labridae
Pteragogus trispilus  Randall, 1981 Taşkavak et al. (2000) Bilecenoğlu et al. (2002) IP
Scaridae
Scarus ghobban  Forsskål, 1775 Turan et al. (2014b) IP
Champsodontidae
Champsodon capensis  Regan, 1908 Dalyan et al. (2012) Mytilineou et al. (2016) IP
Champsodon nudivittis  (Ogilby, 1895) Çiçek & Bilecenoğlu (2009) Filiz et al. (2014) A
Champsodon vorax  Günther, 1867 Gökoglu & Özvarol (2013) Yapici et al. (2016) IP
Blenniidae
Parablennius thysanius  (Jordan & Seale, 1907) Özbek et al. (2013) IP
Petroscirtes ancylodon  Rüppell, 1835 Taşkavak et al. (2000) Okus et al. (2006) IP
Callionymidae
Callionymus filamentosus  Valenciennes, 1837 Gücü et al. (1994) Bilecenoğlu et al. 2014 IP
Diplogrammus randalli  Fricke, 1983 Seyhan et al. (2017) IP
Synchiropus sechellensis  Regan, 1908 Gökoğlu et al. (2014) IP
Gobiidae
Oxyurichthys petersii  (Klunzinger, 1871) Bilecenoğlu et al. (2002) IP
Vanderhorstia mertensi  Klausewitz, 1974 Bilecenoğlu et al. (2008) Çinar et al. (2011) IP
Trypauchen vagina  (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Akamca et al. (2011) IP
Corcyrogobius liechtensteini (Kolombatović, 1891)   Bilecenoğlu (2016) A
Ephippidae
Platax teira  (Forsskål, 1775) Bilecenoğlu & Kaya (2006b) IP
Siganidae
Siganus luridus  (Rüppell, 1829) Ben-Tuvia (1973) Ben-Tuvia (1973) IP
Siganus rivulatus  Forsskål & Niebuhr, 1775 Kosswig (1950) Tortonese (1947) Artüz & Koç (2012) IP
Sphyraenidae
Sphyraena chrysotaenia  Klunzinger, 1884 Akyüz (1957) Geldiay (1969) IP
Sphyraena viridensis Cuvier, 1829 Mater & Bilecenoğlu (1999) Bizsel & Cihangir (1996) A
Scombridae
Scomberomorus commerson  (Lacepède, 1800) Fischer et al. (1987) Buhan et al. (1997) IP
Cynoglossidae
Cynoglossus sinusarabici  (Chabanaud, 1931) Akyüz (1957) Bilecenoğlu et al. (2014) IP
Monacanthidae
Stephanolepis diaspros  Fraser-Brunner, 1940 Kosswig (1950) Kosswig (1950) Bilecenoğlu et al. (2013) IP
Ostraciidae
Ostracion cubicus  Linnaeus, 1758 Gerovasileiou et al. (2017) IP
Tetraodontidae
Lagocephalus sceleratus  (Gmelin, 1789) Bilecenoğlu et al.. (2006c) Akyol et al. (2005) Artüz & Kubanç (2015) IP
Lagocephalus spadiceus  (Richardson, 1845) Kosswig (1950) Ben-Tuvia (1966) Tuncer et al., (2008) IP
Lagocephalus suezensis  Clark & Gohar, 1953 Avsar & Cicek, (1999) Bilecenoglu et al. (2002) IP
Lagocephalus guentheri  Miranda Ribeiro, 1915 Erguden et al. (2017) Akyol & Aydın (2016) Tuncer et al. (2008) IP
Sphoeroides pachygaster (Müller and Troschel, 1848) Mater & Bilecenoğlu (1999) Eryılmaz et al. (2003) A
Torquigener flavimaculosus  Hardy & Randall, 1983 Bilecenoglu, (2003) Bilecenoğlu et al. (2014) IP
Tylerius spinosissimus  (Regan, 1908) Turan and Yağlıoğlu (2011) IP

 

Source : Turan, C., Gürlek, M., Başusta, N., Uyan, A., Doğdu, S. A., & Karan, S. (2018). A Checklist of the Non-indigenous Fishes in Turkish Marine Waters. Natural and Engineering Sciences3(3), 333-358.